Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. On the given outline map of the world, four features are marked. They wanted to reform it as a nation that would tolerate all religion. They wanted a government on the majority of country’s population. Pinterest. Civil liberties were restored. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Summary. The Russian society at that time was primarily agricul­tural. Social, Economic and Political Conditions in Russia before 1905: By the early twentieth century, life in most European countries had become liberal and progressive consequent to Industrial Revolution and Democracy. Class X Quiz on Resource and Development . The Russian empire was under the autocratic rule of the Tsar. A number of workers’ organizations had been set up after industrialization began in Russia. The disintegration of USSR even before the twentieth century came to a close and dealt a severe blow to people’s faith in the Marxist ideology. He is a honoured with "Global Teacher award 2018" of Department of AKS, New Delhi. Image Guidelines 5. In 1942, the Communist party in India did not join the Quit India Movement against British rule just because the Soviets were at that time allied with British. Progress of Russian Revolution; The First World War and the Russian Revolution; Events and Effects of February and October Revolution of Russia; Social changes that were taken place in Russia. He returned to Russia in April. After the revolution, individual rights and social power began to be discussed in many parts of the world including Europe and Asia. However, for the next three years, a civil war broke out in Russia. The Czar had made great efforts to ensure that only his men were elected. The Russian Revolution prompted governments all over the world to introduce legislative reforms to improve the conditions of workers. Workers in St. Petersburg went on strike to express their discontentment. The best app for CBSE students now provides class 9 Social Science latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE board exams and school based annual examinations. Communism stood for a system of government under which property and production were to be held as a common trust. What is Socialism? The people of Russia got convinced about the incompetence of the Russian govern­ment. The October revolution transformed Russia into a Communist State. We have Provided Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. The newly framed constitution recognized the equality of all nationalities in USSR. The State has to play a positive role in enforcing social and economic rights. Many other parties comprising the non-Russian nationali­ties within the Russian empire were also working towards making their lands free from colonial exploitation. (iv) equal status for non-Russian nationalities. The three parties that had joined together to overthrow the Czar were led by Kerensky, Prince Lvoff and Paul Milyukoff. More Practice >>> Quiz on Socialism in Europe and Russian Revolution – Class 9 . NAZIMA MAZHAR HUSSAIN . You might also like. Sir, I am Lakshay Kaushik. A number of capitalist societies offer to their workers better conditions of work that were at one time believed to be the exclusive domain of communist societies. Twitter. The word soviet got associated with political power so much so that it found a place in the nomenclature of post-revolution Russia, (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics – USSR). They set up funds to The Russian revolutionaries had hoped that there would be revolutions all over the world. CH 2 : SOCIALISM IN EUROPE AND THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION . 4540. Class 9 History Map Work Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. Czar Nicholas II agreed to give political rights to the people. However, in 1905 Russia suffered a defeat at the hands of a small nation like Japan. Liberalization has been going on in India too. (e) International fraternity of all the peasants, craftsmen and workers. Russia withdrew from the War. Chapter 1 of NCERT Social Science History textbook – Indian and the Contemporary World-I is titled as ‘ Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution.’ Some of the important political traditions of the nineteenth century and how they influenced change in European society will be discussed. Colonial development reshaped ideas of societal change but everyone was not in favour of the complete transformation of society. Answer: (i) Lenin was socialist leader of Russia. What distinguishes liberals from democrats? Last Updated on August 1, 2020 By Mrs Shilpi Nagpal 5 Comments. Copyright 10. This was another demand put up by the people of Russia before the revolution. … As discussed in the first chapter of the French Revolution, opportunities for dramatic change have been created, including equality, fraternity and freedom in Europe. The community through the State was to assume absolute control over all matters related to workers and social relations including religion. Political leaders involved in freedom struggle started thinking of political changes more in terms of social changes. Soviet Union was hailed as the leader of the world communist movement. • Not everyone in Europe, however, wanted a complete transformation. Education was given high priority. The bureaucracy was inefficient. Get all latest content delivered straight to your inbox. (iv) None of the above 2. The Russian Revolution was an important and noteworthy part of history. Question 1. His manifesto promised free­dom of speech, Press and conferred the power to make laws on an elected body-Duma. Mem­bers of the Duma who opposed the Czar went in exile. The Czar had built a huge empire comprising diverse European nationalities. The soldiers and the striking workers together formed a Soviet at the city of Petrograd. Through the revolution in Russia, socialism became one of the most significant and powerful ideas to shape society in the twentieth century. The capitalist societies were quick to realize that exploitative societies face violent revolutions. Describe the views of radicals. Firstly, the people should be con­vinced about the need for revolution and secondly that they should be ready to make sacrifices for the success of the revolution. Differentiate between the ideas of the liberals and radicals in Europe (take the time period as after the French Revolution). They were annoyed at the incompetence of Russian troops. Things were, however, different in Russia. The strikers’ procession was attacked by the Czar’s soldiers. Question 1. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution 29 Activity 1.4 Support for Socialism By the 1870s, socialist ideas spread through Europe. Choose the correct option: Question 1. First World War and Foundation of Soviet State: Russia had joined England against Germany in the First World War. The monarchs, however, did nothing to improve the conditions of the peasants. The basic principles, ideas and values had the Russian Revolution for rest of the world : (a) Economic equality (b) Social Equality (c) Socialism (d) Anti-capitalism. Content Filtrations 6. The Russian Revolution of 1917 has been one of the important events of world history. CBSE class 9 Social Science Chapter 2 History-Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution notes in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. . If you have any query regarding NCERT Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science SST History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest. A large number of his students have scored brilliantly in this subject. Factories and railways had come to Russia during the rule of Czar Alexander III. The Public Sector has become a liability to the exchequer and efforts are on to involve private capital in new projects for industrialization. Russia was an autocracy. This group was, however, in minority and hence referred to as Mensheviks. Further strikes occurred in many other towns. The Germans were able to badly defeat the Russians. Finland was recognized as an independent unit within the Russian federation. Communism as an ideology had appealed to the poor and the weak. This had become necessary to ensure that the existing political systems were not overthrown the way it hap­pened in Russia. These measures as such acquired great significance among the constitutional provisions made by the communist government. Online Test of Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Test 1 History (Social Science S.St)| Class 9th 1. Tsar was not subject to parliament. (Political Science, History, Social science, Sociology And all Humanities Materials available here, Solved Maps for class All Classes,downloads PPTs, Revision Notes for all classes,Sample Papers etc., For Class 9.10,11,12th), Sir PPT download Nahi ho rahi. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 2 Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Questions. Get Notes Here:- https://payments.pabbly.com/subscribe/5e2954ad14a2e43f1110d5ef/notesAbout Us:Magnet Brains Software Technology Pvt. Hence the name February Revolution, the incident however relates to March 12, 1917. Socialism in Europe & Russian Revolution Class IX by Manish -May 27, 2019. NCERT Solutions for Class 9th: Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution History Social Studies (S.St) Page No: 48 Questions 1. Both ideas accept that political democracy can be meaningful only if it is accom­panied by economic as well as social democracy. There were riots against the Czar’s rule. Corruption was widely rampant. Question 1. The provisional government freed the political pris­oners. Lenin was in exile in Switzerland at the time of the February revolution. The Czars still ruled as Emperors. The people were convinced that the forces were bad­ly organized. Do you know what gave rise to the Russian Revolution? The workers joined the protestors and struck work. The peo­ple were taxed heav­ily on the plea that money was needed for the maintenance of the army and the navy. The State took upon itself the responsibility of drafting Central plans for building an advanced economy in the shortest possible time. 15th May 2020 14th June 2020. This had become … The uncontrolled power of dynastic rules was opposed by liberals. By practicing Class 9 History Chapter 2 MCQ with Answers, you can score well in the exam. Troops were ordered to crush the rioters. The peasants had very small and uneconomic hold­ings. The provisional government did not last long. Socialism differs from communism on the methods to achieve the socialist objectives. Quiz for Class 10 Geography: Water Resources . 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The political system as it existed during the rule of the Czars was totally out of tune with the rest of Europe. Not everyone in Europe, however, wanted a complete … Foreign debts were repudiated. MCQ Questions for Class 9 History: Ch 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution It failed to respond to changing world conditions. These affiliated themselves to the Comintern or the Communist International formed in USSR. There was acute shortage of bread. What were the social, economic and political conditions in Russia before 1905? Ans : liberals were one of the groups that wanted to change the society by moderate means. Students can solve NCERT Class 9 Social Science History: Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level on Success Roar Classes Website itself. The system abolished the idea of production for personal profits. After Marx and Angels, he is regarded as the greatest leader of the socialist movement in Russia. Prohibited Content 3. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers. Under his leadership, the Bolshevik Party put forward clear poli­cies and advanced the slogan “All power to the Soviets.”. Soviet State and the Imperialist Colonies: The emergence of Soviet Union as a socialist state gave added strength to freedom movements in colonial possessions. The Czar still believed that the King had a divine right to rule. Appearing Students of Class 9 Exams can download MCQ on Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 with Answers from here. Not all republics of the USSR were at the same level of development. Socialist Revolutionary Party was another party of the workers that voiced the demands of the Russian peasants. Conservatives are another important group which played a pivotal role in the upsurge of socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution, Conservatives were initially against the change that was being favoured by liberals and radicals. We hope the given CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Pdf free download will help you. They paid no attention to improve the conditions of the workers. Categories: Class 9th History. But the outbreak of the First World War gave a severe set-back to socialist movement. A large section of the Russian population was dependent on agriculture. Russia in 1917 was ready for a revolution on both these counts. The people of Russia were not satisfied with these measures. The workers were divided in different social groups, but often united to strike work in factories. Soviet Union emerged as a major power on the world scene within a few years after the revolution. (a) Nationalists (b) … Paul Milyukoff acted as the Foreign Minister. Question 1. (ii) Opposing the uncontrolled power of dynastic rulers. The people of Russia hailed these measures taken by the new government. In contrast, radicals wanted a nation in which government was based on the majority of a … Major Countries of First World War. As head of the Petrograd Soviet, he was one of the most important leaders of the November uprising. WhatsApp. The concept of centralized planning was adopted by many other countries including India (1951). Lt was called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Sir vo jo aapne holiday homework me worksheet di hai vo dubara karni hai kya kyoki hamne school ki noteboook me already kar rakhe hai sirf learn ka rle kya saari worksheets. The Czar ordered the dissolution of the Duma but the Duma refused to carry out the orders of the Czar. Main Changes Brought About by the Bolsheviks: Social inequalities were to be abolished and right to work was given a consti­tutional status. Estonia was granted autonomy while complete independence was granted to Poland. He is the Head of the Department in the School he is currently employed at reputed International School in Gurugram. Report a Violation. On the day of the revolution, only two people were reported killed in Petrograd. Socialism in Europe and the Russia Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions Long Answer Type Questions. Workmen in factories, docks and railways also went on strike. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. He returned to Russia in May 1917. The Social Democrats and Socialist-Revolutionaries worked with peasants and Workers during the revolution of 1905 to demand a constitution. The Bolsheviks who had secured a majority in the Petrograd Soviet captured govern­ment offices on the night of October 24, 1917. However, after the French Revolution, conservatives also became open to change through a slower process. Some industries had developed in selected pockets. But the troops instead of putting down the rioters joined the strikers. On March 15, 1917 the monarchy that had ruled for over three hundred years came to an end. Czar Nicholas II gave up his throne. The Russian Revolution influenced the spread of socialist ideas all over the world including the capitalist societies. (iii) Did not believe in universal adult franchise. The workers did not have any political rights. That did not happen. But a violent revolution is not the pre-requisite for such a change over. Quiz for Class 7 Geography Chapter – Inside Our Earth . Not all, though, was in favour of this transition in culture. Instead it voted to establish a provisional government. A demonstration was organized by working class women. Banks, insurance companies, water, transport and railways were nationalized. The day came to be known as Bloody Sunday. But before anything could be accomplished, the Duma was abolished. Explain. Control of industries was transferred to shop committees of workers. Work hours were often long and wages were poor. He devoted himself to making the Bolshevik party a instrument of revolution in Russia. He has attended various Seminars conducted by CBSE. Feudal aristocracies had been replaced by a new middle class. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Short Answer Type Questions. Intellectual Ferment and Growth of Bolshevik Party: The frustrated Russians were readily attracted by the Communism as preached by Karl Marx, Lenin and other Marxist revolutionaries. Communist parties were formed in many other countries outside USSR for achieving a similar objective. Similar plans were put forth in many other countries. Workers in England and Germany began forming associations to fight for better living and working conditions. They realized that only a structural change could save them from their hard life under the monarchy. It is accepted that national income has to be created before it can be distributed. George Plekhanov formed the Russian Social Democratic Party in 1883. Socialism Essay: Essay on Socialism and it’s Main Characteristics. Collaboration with foreign companies is no longer a taboo. Russian was made the compulsory language for all its people. Marxists had been preaching the ideas of Communism among the peasants and the industrial workers. The Czar had hoped to annex Constantinople and the Straits of the Dardanelles. Study Material and Notes of Ch 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9th History The Age of Social Change • The French Revolution opened up the possibility of creating a dramatic change in the way in which society was structured. CHAPTER: 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution (2019) 1] Liberals were not democrats. When the war broke out the socialist groups in all countries chose to side with their own country irrespective of all other considerations. Communist States like China have made several compromises in the communist ideology. Answer. The majority group known as the Bolsheviks believed that since no democratic rights existed for the people of Russia, the German and French models were not relevant. Content Guidelines 2. It has been praised and condemned vigorously. CBSE NCERT Class IX (9th) | Social Studies | History CH 2 : SOCIALISM IN EUROPE AND THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION . The Bolsheviks were for a party that would work towards a revolution in Russia. SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS [3 MARKS]: Q.1. Later this party was merged with other socialist groups to form the Russian Social Democratic Labour party in 1898. K HOD : Dept of Social Science VELAMMAL BODHI CAMPUS POSTED – 22/5/19 Socialism in Europe and Russian Revolution 2. Officers were selected not on the basis of their ability but on their privileged connections. All estates of the landlords, the Church and the Czar were transferred to peasant societies to be allotted to peasant families and to be cultivated without hired labour. TOS 7. They were assisted by troops of foreign powers. On the given outline map of world locate, the countries that were central powers in the First World War. Conditions were ripe for the overthrow of the existing government. Nobility and the upper layers of clergy were supportive of the absolutism being practiced by the Czar. By the early years of the twentieth century, socialist ideas had taken roots in a number of European countries. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution : Chapter Notes - Class 09 Social Science. Russians had lost around 600,000,000 soldiers. It collapsed on November 7, 1917. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Disclaimer 9. Answer: The views of radicals are as follows: The group who wanted to bring about immediate social change in Russia was radicals. Lenin had described the Russian empire as a ‘prison of nations’ and had declared that no genuine democracy could be established unless all the non-Russians were given equal rights. The republics that formed the Union were given the autonomy to develop their own languages and culture. The leader of the Bolshevik party was (a) Stalin (b) Lenin (c) Karl Marx (d) Louis Blanc. The Russian Revolution prompted governments all over the world to introduce legislative reforms to improve the conditions of workers. It has helped China to become one of the leading industrial nations of the world. It is condemned as it failed to hold together the Re- publics that had come together to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Foreign investors were interested only in quick profits. Dec 19,2020 - MCQ: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution - 1 | 10 Questions MCQ Test has questions of Class 9 preparation. It was not before 1920 that the Red Army was able to gain control over all that at one time had been the Czar’s empire. The group was for participation in elections. The Representative Assembly (Duma) promised by the Czar had its first session in 1906. Whenever they demanded better wages they were suppressed with the help of secret police. It has been praised and condemned vigorously. Check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science (History - Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution) based on the latest CBSE 9th SST Syllabus 2020-21. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution | CBSE Class 9 Chapter 2 History | SST NCERT Solutions | Umang 2020 Vedantu Class 9 and 10. What was Lenin’s contribution in the Russian Revolution? He was completely dependent on his wife who in turn was dominated by Rasputin, a friend of the Royals. Who are Liberals, Radicals, and Conservatives? Lenin had set two fundamental conditions for the success of a revolution. Mu­tinies broke out in navy and army. Communist societies failed to realize the importance of profit as an incentive to bring about the best in human effort. The Czar was simply incapable of leading a modern war against Germany. As such they took measures to ensure that the workers got fair wages and other emoluments that enabled them to live with dignity in the society. The constitutional experiment failed and made Russians more desperate. ha ji karne h but 10 questions each worksheet from one marker and 5 questions each from short and long questions. The repressive policies were reintroduced by the successor Czar Alexander III. February Revolution—Events and Effects: The first notable event in the course of Russian Revo­lution occurred on February 27, 1917 according to the Russian Calendar. Immediately after the Second World War (1945) was over, Britain came out with the Beveridge Plan for social security. Liberals in Russia campaigned to end this state of affairs. There was complete stoppage in trade and industry. They did not have any capital to invest on their small holdings. His programme attracted the Soviets as he was for total transfer of power from the provisional government to the Soviets. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers. The Age of Social Change The French Revolution opened up the possibility of creating a dramatic change in the way in which society was structured. But a large part of capital for investment had come from foreign countries. The Russian armies badly lost in Germany and Austria during 1914-1916. SOCIALISM IN EUROPE AND THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION (MCQ) 0. Foreign investments were confiscated. Monarchy was replaced. The event that actually took place on November 7 is referred to as the October Revolution. Mr. Manish Kumar has been teaching Political Science to Class IX, X, XI and XII for last five years.He has completed his graduation from Moti Lal Nehru College, University of Delhi. Kerensky was a revolutionary socialist while Prince Lvoff represented the liberal minded businessmen and land owners. The soldiers were as dissatisfied as the civilians. Those exiled to Siberia were allowed to return. The cultures of the vanquished were shown little respect. 21st May 2020 14th June 2020. 17th May 2020 14th June 2020. Through the revolution in Russia, socialism … In so far putting in the best effort is concerned, private ownership and enterprise cannot be substituted by State control. It is hailed as it humanized capi­talist systems all over the world. The strikes were conducted by Council of their representatives (Soviets). The profits arising from labour were to be distributed for common good. Socialism in Europe and Russian Revolution - Class 9 -CBSE 1. The right to property was respected but social insurance was introduced to ensure that no one starved. Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov) was the leader of the Bolsheviks. The ideal of the new government was that each citizen should contribute according to his capacity and in turn be entitled to remuneration that was in accordance to his needs. Within this party one group favoured a party on the model of similar parties in France and Germany. Leon Trotsky had played an important role in 1905 Revolution. • Not everyone in Europe, however, wanted a complete transformation. History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution – Notes & Study Material. Answer: Question 2. Download Complete PPT Here Download Complete PPT Here. CONTENTS • THE AGE OF SOCIAL CHANGE - Liberals - Radicals - Conservatives • Industries and Social Change • Socialism in Europe -Robert … It is hailed as it humanized capi­talist systems all over the world. Answer The Social, economic and political conditions in Russia … The Russian revolution had proclaimed the build­ing of a socialist society as its objective. The Red army was more in the nature of a Citizens Army and yet it won against better trained and better equipped forces. Facebook. Ans.1-The liberals did not believe in universal franchise. Things had not changed materially with the abolition of serfdom in 1861 by Czar Alexander II. The nobles and rich landlords exploited the peasants who lived in overcrowded village lands. The Russian Revolution of 1917 has been one of the important events of world history. A major point of contrast between the liberals and the radicals was that the liberals were not: Secular He was a follower of Marx. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution! It was the time when new cities developed and railways expanded to start the Industrial Revolution. Thus the promise ‘land to the tillers’ was honoured. There was acute shortage of food in Russia. The policies of the communist parties outside USSR were largely determined by the com­munist party of the Soviet Union. His main area of interest is in School education. Britain had constitutional monarchy that made the monarch just a titular Head of the State. (i) Tolerating all religions. By the mid-nineteenth century in Europe, socialism was a well-known body of ideas that attracted widespread attention. Posted by Manish Mr. Manish Kumar has been teaching Political Science to Class IX, X, XI and XII for last five years.He has completed his graduation from Moti Lal Nehru College, University of Delhi. To coordinate their efforts, socialists formed an international body – namely, the Second International. The officers of the Czar’s army organized and rebelled against the new Soviet State. MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS [1 MARK]: Q.1.Which among the following groups was against any kind of political or social change? Like other ideologies, communism too became dogmatic over the years. This test is Rated positive by 85% students preparing for Class 9.This MCQ test is related to Class 9 syllabus, prepared by Class 9 teachers. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution! The Congress of Soviets issued a proclamation on the next day. A new govern­ment headed by Lenin was formed. Let's find out more about the Russian Revolution. Privacy Policy 8. On 25th October 1917 (according to the Russian calendar) an All Russian Congress of Soviets met and assumed full political power. France had be­come a republic. The Age of Social Change • The French Revolution opened up the possibility of creating a dramatic change in the way in which society was structured. Working Population Movements before 1917: Even before the revolution the people of Russia had rebelled against the monarchs. Sun-Yat-Sen was assisted by the Soviet government in his efforts to Unify China. Many persons died in the attack. The communist system in USSR collapsed in 1991 and Soviet Union disintegrated into a Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Simply incapable of leading a modern War against Germany in the Russian Revolution influenced the spread of socialist ideas taken. The Public Sector has become a liability to the Russian Revolution 2 its people the power to laws... Of Department of AKS, new Delhi ideas of communism among the following groups was against kind! The Bolsheviks of serfdom in 1861 by Czar Alexander III the French Revolution, only people. Ideas all over the world, four features are marked the Red army more! Became dogmatic over the world and socialism in europe and russian revolution it won against better trained and equipped! 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