Agrostis stolonifera: ligules 2-6 mm long and branches of panicle bearing flowers in distal and proximal halves (vs. A. capillaris, with ligules 0.5-2 mm long and panicle branches bearing flowers only … The grass species they want you to learn are: For an ornamental lawn - Agrostis capillaris and Festuca rubra subsp. Genus Agrostis can be annual or perennial grasses, with narrow or bristle-like leaves and branches panicles of small flowers Details A. capillaris is better known as Brown Top or Common Bent grass. Agrostis capillaris L. Colonial bentgrass is used extensively on golf greens in mixtures with red fescue for low input purposes. In 2004, its pollen was found to have reached wild growing bentgrass populations up to 14 kilometres away. Sustainable gardening is a matter of the heart for us. It is used as a lawn grass, and is often abundant along roadsides and in paddocks. With their fine and dense leaves, the grass plants form a beautifully closed sward. depending on its place of origin) which is Agrostis capillaris syn. When To Cut Back Butterfly Bush In Your Garden? Common Bent (Agrostis capillaris), is native and common throughout Britain. Colonial bentgrass is a cool-season grass that thrives in cool coastal weather. Does best on moderately well-drained, moist, medium to coarse texture soils. But its green is darker than the other two varieties. A tenuis, and creeping bent Agrostis palustris or A stolonifera. An upright fine-textured perennial turfgrass that has a mid-green to grey green leaf blade. Scientific name: Agrostis capillaris L., Agrostis castellana Boiss & Reuter: Common name: Bent grass: Habitat: Cool, high-rainfall areas from sea level up to alpine regions, usually on poor acid soil types and in open habitats (Walsh and Entwisle 1994, Weiller et al 1995). Agrostis capillaris (Agrostis tenuis), Colonial Bentgrass (Introduced) 1 – 3 ft. tall, perennial, stoloniferous, sod-forming, cool-season grass. As the name implies creeping bent grass forms a mat of creeping stolons that quickly form a dense turf, whereas colonial bent is mainly tufted in growth, although under some Older swards in heavily grazed or trampled areas may form dense, low growing clumps. In June the characteristic flower panicles appear, which at heights of up to 65 centimeters appear like delicately reddish shimmering clouds. Some species of bents are commonly used for lawn grass. Grows in most soils, but prefers well-drained acid soils. Several species (and hybrids) of Agrostis are important lawn or pasture grasses (commonly known as bent or bent grasses). The high resistance of the plant is also remarkable. This grass also takes longer to establish than creeping bent. Agrostis canina (Velvet bent lawn grass) will reach a height of 0.3m and a spread of 0m after 4-6 weeks.. Its delicate flower and seed heads are loose and open. Due to its high resistance, the Common Bent is often found on the mountain meadows and alpine pastures of the Alps. Lawn seed is one of the easiest (or hardest if not applied correctly) ... chewings fescue and agrostis capillaris. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Identifying tips. glaucina (Bastard) Lamotte, 1847 Agrostis capillaris Desf. For these reasons, you will also encounter the Agrostis capillaris in our Gardender shade grass. It is a relatively late flowering grass, coming out out between June and mid August. Agrostis capillaris. Suggested uses. For this reason, Agrostis capillaris is only added to our Gardender shade grass in a small proportion. It is the tallest of the bents with very fine texture and like most bent grasses grows very densely. 20-50cm. It has the finest texture of all the bent grasses. Being very dense in growth habit its very common to find this in sports surfaces particularly bowling greens for which it can make up 25 to 50 percent of the mix. It has a tiny seed and only needs including in mixtures at low levels. Agrostis capillaris Thore Agrostis capillaris Boiss. The turfgrass spreads predominantly by underground rhizomes (Aldous and Chivers, 2002). Agrostis capillaris L. (Colonial bentgrass). It is a creeping grass and, although it has little agricultural value, it is a very common species in old grasslands. Agrostis capillaris: ligules 0.5-2 mm long and panicle branches bearing flowers only in distal half (vs. A. stolonifera, with ligules 2-6 mm long and branches of panicle bearing flowers in … As a passionate hobby gardener, I write for the plant breeding company Gardender about the topics "Gardening", "Creative with plants". Soil type. Agrostis capillaris was first described by Linnaeus in 1753 in his Species Plantarum, but in many publications the species is still referred to as A. tenuis, a name first published in 1794 in Flora Oxoniensis by Sibthorp. Narrow, flat leaves, rough with smooth sheaths. Brown-top Bent is widespread and common. The shoot density is high and it is very adaptable to numerous growth conditions. Historically, it was often called Orcheston long grass, after a village on Salisbury Plain, England. Suggested uses. It is cultivated almost exclusively on golf courses, especially on putting greens. At least up to a height of 2700 meters, the grass type advances. It thrives along river-banks, on limy or moist soils, and in light oak and pine forests. Under suitable conditions, however, the grass tends to displace other grass species, which is why it is widespread in many places in Europe. Cultivation. Ground Cover, Lawn. commutata and a utility lawn which must include Lolium perenne, plus others such as Festuca rubra rubra, Poa pratensis, Agrostis capillaris Agrostis: from the Greek word for field. Perennial. Homonyms Agrostis capillaris L. Agrostis capillaris Pourr. That’s why we have made it our mission to develop effectively as well as sustainable products for the home garden. Hawaii Agrostis capillaris L. 190 Colonial bentgrass, Brown Top, Common Bent, New ... lawn / turf ornamental FORAGE fodder GENE SOURCE gene source WEED seed contaminant Additional information. Mostly used as lawn turfs and on golf courses. In 2003 the Scotts Company planted it as part of a large (about 160 ha) field trial in central Oregon near Madras. In addition, the grass is a very popular component of golf lawns due to its treadable and dense turf and can even be found in many a rolled lawn. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. In Germany, this representative of the Agrostis is widespread. Even though I have been out and about in nature since childhood and have meanwhile gained some experience as an amateur gardener, I work together with Teadrops on many of my articles dealing with plant care. The grass survives even longer dry periods and can close arisen gaps again independently. Establishment: 14 to 21 Days Use with red fescue for low input. At least up to a height of 2700 meters, the grass type advances. While ‘Barking’ and ‘Heriot’ turn green very early in the year, the ‘Jorvik’ variety is a little behind. Common Bent (Agrostis capillaris), is native and common throughout Britain. Agrostis capillaris – Common Bent (w) Common bent is an attractive, relatively short perennial grass with fine, flat leaves that can spread out with rhizomes or stolons to form a dense sward. This species also has a lighter color than the two previous species. However, it also invades dry coastal vegetation, heathlands and heathy woodlands, lowland grasslands and grassy woodlands, dry sclerophyll forests, damp sclerophyll … This grass was used in Europe for estate lawns and golf courses because it could be cut so short. This grass prefers damp situations and is reasonably successful in shade. Ground Cover, Lawn. Agrostis atroviolacea Sennen Agrostis canina var. Subterranean and creeping shoots close the gaps that often appear in shady areas. The grass leaves tear easily and in dry conditions can collect dead fibre. Colonial bent is fairly easy to grow from seeds and fertilization of the lawn is not as intense. Redtop (Agrostis gigantea), 1 to 1.5 metres (about 3 to 5 feet) tall, was introduced into North America during colonial times as a hay and pasture grass.It spreads by rhizomes and has reddish flowers. The smaller creeping bent (A. stolonifera), the stolons of which grow up to 1.2 metres (3.9 feet) per season, and Idaho bentgrass (A. idahoensis) are popular lawn grasses. But also in milder climates, Agrostis capillaris is often sown. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Bentgrass; Rhode Island bentgrass; Colonial bentgrass. [citation needed] It can quickly take over a home lawn if it is not controlled and has very shallow roots. In combination with the good shade tolerance, this makes it an important component of our Plantura shade turf. The undemanding grass also grows on dry grassland. Brown-top bent (Agrostis capillaris) is a significant environmental weed in Victoria and an environmental weed in New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania. Agrostis capillaris was first described by Linnaeus in 1753 in his Species Plantarum, but in many publications the species is still referred to as A. tenuis, a name first published in 1794 in Flora Oxoniensis by Sibthorp. Agrostis atroviolacea Sennen Agrostis canina var. In older books you may find this plant listed as Agrostis tenuis. Your email address will not be published. It tolerates close mowing very well. Does best in cool, humid climates. Agrostis alba var. vulgaris (With.) Within its native range the species is often abundant in nutrient poor pastures, along roadsides or on disturbed ground. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. Tufted grass with creeping rhizomes. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. glaucina (Bastard) Lamotte, 1847 Agrostis capillaris Desf. Homonyms Agrostis capillaris L. Agrostis capillaris Pourr. It is a common weed of pastures and roadsides (Weiller et al 1995). Here's what to do", "USDA Concludes Genetically Engineered Creeping Bentgrass Investigation: USDA Assesses The Scotts Company, LLC $500,000 Civil Penalty", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Agrostis&oldid=937425992, Pages using Tropicos template without author names, Pages using eFloras template without author names, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 January 2020, at 23:23. A tenuis, and creeping bent Agrostis palustris or A stolonifera. London, Bot. It is a tufted variety ideal for luxury lawns that will be mowed on a regular basis The Agrostis capillaris is used to adverse conditions and feels therefore even in the rough situations of the Alps extremely well. Some species of bents are commonly used for lawn grass. Panicle with whorled branches, purplish-brown, remaining open and spreading in fruit. Agrostis capillaris Thore Agrostis capillaris Boiss. Velvet bent grass requires similar upkeep and maintenance to creeping bent. Colonial bentgrass — Agrostis capillaris = A. tenuis. Mostly used as lawn turfs and on golf courses. [3] Colonial bent grows in moist grasslands and open meadows, and can also be found in agricultural areas, roadsides, and invading disturbed areas. The leaves of the bentgrass are long and slender. This is a desirable grass for golf course teeing areas, fairways, and greens. Common bent is an attractive, relatively short grass with fine, flat leaves that can form a dense sward. Agrostis Capillaris: Origin And Description. Agrostis capillaris – Common Bent. The name "bent" refers to the shallow roots, which bend just below the surface of the soil to propagate laterally. Plues Agrostis atropurpurea Steud. Agrostis capillaris (Agrostis tenuis), Colonial Bentgrass (Introduced) 1 – 3 ft. tall, perennial, stoloniferous, sod-forming, cool-season grass. You need to agree with the terms to proceed, Agrostis Capillaris: Properties & Use Of Common Bent, Agrostis Capillaris: Origin And Description, Characteristics And Use Of The Agrostis Capillaris, Different Varieties Of Agrostis Capillaris, Tall Fescue: All About The Festuca Arundinacea At A Glance. This is a desirable grass for golf course teeing areas, fairways, and greens. Agrostis capillaris – Common Bent. In older books you may find this plant listed as Agrostis tenuis. It is a tufted variety ideal for luxury lawns that will be mowed on a regular basis Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Bentgrass; Rhode Island bentgrass; Colonial bentgrass. Grows in most soils, but prefers well-drained acid soils. Cultivation. The intense green and fine leaves are an optical enrichment for many lawn seed mixtures. Your email address will not be published. Agrostis capillaris (Brown top) will reach a height of 0.3m and a spread of 0m after 4-6 weeks. Agrostis capillaris L. Colonial bentgrass is used extensively on golf greens in mixtures with red fescue for low input purposes. Genus Agrostis can be annual or perennial grasses, with narrow or bristle-like leaves and branches panicles of small flowers Details A. capillaris is better known as Brown Top or Common Bent grass. Genus Agrostis. An upright fine-textured perennial turfgrass that has a mid-green to grey green leaf blade. [citation needed]. Qualities. Pros: Great value for money as this 1kg Grass Seed covers approximately 35 square metres. Bentgrass - Highland- (Agrostis capillaris) Ref: BENTGRASS. But also otherwise the Common Bent grows naturally in wide parts of western Eurasia. Does best in cool, humid climates. Common name. Paired with our instructions and inspiration on gardender.com, your garden will become a true paradise. However it does not require the intense maintenance. Although this species has been used on golf courses and sporting fields it is better suited for lawns. 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In addition, the runners allow the grass to multiply optimally. This grass is slow to establish, but with regular mowing forms a neat, dense turf. Agrostis capillaris L. Show All Show Tabs colonial bentgrass General Information; Symbol: AGCA5 Group: Monocot Family: Poaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Graminoid: Native Status: AK I CAN I GL I HI I L48 I SPM I: Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Required fields are marked *. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. When repeatedly mown, it forms a short turf with a high density of small tillers, making it an ideal component within grass seed mixtures for greens and fine lawns. capillaris: fine, hair-like. As such, if infested in a home lawn, it can become a troublesome weed problem. Agrostis capillaris (Brown top) will reach a height of 0.3m and a spread of 0m after 4-6 weeks. Older swards in heavily grazed or trampled areas may form dense, low growing clumps. Dahlias: Expert Tips About The Dahlia Flower, Plants In The Pond: All About For Care Of A Different Species, 20 The Best Pond Plants For Any Water Depth. This delicately flowered grass has been included in the majority of agri-environmental schemes. Genus Agrostis can be annual or perennial grasses, with narrow or bristle-like leaves and branches panicles of small flowers Details A. capillaris is better known as Brown Top or Common Bent grass. vulgaris (With.) The turfgrass spreads predominantly by underground rhizomes (Aldous and Chivers, 2002). Creeping bent aggressively produces horizontal stems, called stolons, that run along the soil's surface. The ‘Highland’ variety, on the other hand, does not fit well into the lawn in the garden, as it does not grow as densely and does not tolerate deep cuts very well. A fine and delicate lawn with a dense turf, even in the shade? Browntop bentgrass. [10], Hundreds of species formerly listed in the genus Agrostis have been moved to other genera, including Achnatherum, Aira, Alloteropsis, Apera, Arundinella, Calamagrostis, Chaetopogon, Chionochloa, Chloris, Cinna, Colpodium, Crypsis, Cynodon, Deschampsia, Dichelachne, Digitaria, Eremochloa, Eriochloa, Eustachys, Gastridium, Graphephorum, Gymnopogon, Lachnagrostis, Leptochloa, Muhlenbergia, Pentameris, Phippsia, Piptatherum, Poa, Polypogon, Puccinellia, Reimarochloa, Relchela, Schismus, Sporobolus and Zingeria.[3]. It is a relatively late flowering grass, coming out … & Lange ex Andersson Cold Hardy Cacti: Which 10 Species Survive The Cold? Soc. Cultivation. Butterflies whose caterpillars feed on Agrostis include: lectotype designated by Philipson, J. Linn. Agrostis capillaris Feorainn mh n Family: Poaceae Flowering June - August. [citation needed], Agrostis stolonifera is the most commonly used species of Agrostis. This grass is slow to establish, but with regular mowing forms a neat, dense turf. Agrostis capillaris tolerates few nutrients, drought, and a deep cut without problems. With its dense foliage, the Common Bent survives many an inconvenience and is quite undemanding. [4][5][6][7][8][9] It has been bred as a GMO creeping bent grass. Plues Agrostis atropurpurea Steud. Brown Top Bent (Agrostis capillaris) This is another species that spreads via rhizomes. These allow creeping bent to form dense stands under conducive conditions and outcompete bunch-type grass and broadleaf weeds. Agrostis capillaris L. Show All Show Tabs colonial bentgrass General Information; Symbol: AGCA5 Group: Monocot Family: Poaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Graminoid: Native Status: AK I CAN I GL I HI I L48 I SPM I: Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our … This species has been widely grown as a turf grass in the cooler parts of Australia and is now a major weed of disturbed sites and pasture in this part of the country. It tolerates close mowing very well. Common bent is an attractive, relatively short grass with fine, flat leaves that can form a dense sward. It copes well with sandy soils, few nutrients, and acidic forest soils and grows about 20 centimeters high. Moderately salt, acid and flood tolerant. Your email address will not be published. No wonder that the Agrostis capillaris is best suited for lawn seeds. [11], Creeping bentgrass has been genetically engineered to be glyphosate tolerant, as "one of the first wind-pollinated, perennial, and highly outcrossing transgenic crops". Geographic subdivisions for Agrostis capillaris: KR, CaR, n&c SN, CCo, SnFrB, SCo : MAP CONTROLS 1. Short ligules. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. While ‘Barking’ and ‘Heriot’ turn green very early in the year, the ‘Jorvik’ variety is a little behind. The Agrostis capillaris is used to adverse conditions and feels therefore even in the rough situations of the Alps extremely well. [citation needed], Agrostis canina gets its name for the velvet appearance that this grass produces. Browntop bentgrass. General information about Agrostis capillaris (AGSTE) Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Tunisia, Siberia, Russian Far East, Central Asia, China. No problem for the all-rounder Agrostis capillaris! Ground Cover, Lawn. (Agrostis capillaris) Common Bentgrass is a perennial grass with fine leaves, The seed head is delicate and attractive, opening loosely from late spring through to autumn. commutata For a utility law - Lolium perenne and Poa pratensis Benefits of growing a lawn from seed Seed is easy to handleSeed is easier to transportthere is a greater range of mixtures available to… depending on its place of origin) which is Agrostis capillaris syn. Suggested uses. Native. Soil type. Agrostis alba var. The grass also has a good tolerance for shade. It is a tufted variety ideal for luxury lawns that will be mowed on a regular basis Does best on moderately well-drained, moist, medium to coarse texture soils. © 2020 Gardender.com     |  About   |   Contacts   |    Privacy Policy  |  Terms&Condition  |  Sitemap. It is also an environmental weed. So lawn repairs are rarely necessary. ex Nyman Agrostis capillaris M.Bieb. Common name. State a mix of grass species for an ornamental lawn Examples could include: Agrostis capillaris+ Festuca rubra subsp. But also otherwise the Common Bent grows naturally in … Moderately salt, acid and flood tolerant. Agrostis capillaris (Common Bent,Colonial bent, Browntop) is a rhizomatous and stoloniferous perennial in the grass family ().It is native to Eurasia and has been widely introduced in many parts of the world. Agrostis capillaris. It is a relatively late flowering grass, coming out out between June and mid August. Description. Its delicate flower and seed heads are loose and open. Family Poaceae. & Lange ex Andersson On this page. Agrostis stolonifera: ligules 2-6 mm long and branches of panicle bearing flowers in distal and proximal halves (vs. A. capillaris, with ligules 0.5-2 mm long and panicle branches bearing flowers only … Agrostis (bent or bentgrass) is a large and very nearly cosmopolitan genus of plants in the grass family, found in nearly all the countries in the world. All three form a dense turf and can also tolerate deep cuts. 51 (1937), World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references", "Evidence for landscape-level, pollen-mediated gene flow from genetically modified creeping bentgrass with CP4 EPSPS as a marker", "Bentgrass will take over unless you act. (Agrostis capillaris) Common Bentgrass is a perennial grass with fine leaves, The seed head is delicate and attractive, opening loosely from late spring through to autumn. Velvet bent has recently had a resurgence in the UK due to the high demands on greens from inclement weather and speed expectations. The varieties ‘Jorvik’, ‘Barking’, and ‘Heriot’ are excellent for ornamental lawns. Its delicate flower and seed heads are loose and open. Establishment: 14 to 21 Days Use with red fescue for low input. Cons: There's a chance you might find that grass won't germinate as well as other options on this list. Description. Bentgrass is used in turf applications for its numerous advantages: it can be mowed to a very short length without damage, it can handle a great amount of foot traffic, it has a shallow root system that is thick and dense allowing it to be seeded and grow rather easily, and it has a pleasing, deep green appearance. [12], Agrostis capillaris, or colonial bent, was brought to America from Europe. Cross-pollinating Agrostis gigantea was even found at a distance of 21 kilometres. [10] The grower could not remove all genetically engineered plants and in 2007, the U.S. Department of Agriculture fined the grower $500,000 for non-compliance with regulations in 2007. This was the type of grass that was used on the lawns of most estates. Hello dear readers, how nice that you drop by! A. capillaris L., A. gigantea Roth, A. stolonifera L. and A. vinealis Schreb. As the name implies creeping bent grass forms a mat of creeping stolons that quickly form a dense turf, whereas colonial bent is mainly tufted in growth, although under some It is adapted to coastal regions in northern California where it is used for general lawn areas. There it serves grazing animals as tasty fodder. ex Nyman Agrostis capillaris M.Bieb. The shoot density is high and it is very adaptable to numerous growth conditions. 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Hardy Cacti: which 10 species Survive the cold leaves that can form a closed! - Agrostis capillaris is only added to our Gardender shade grass in home. Contacts | Privacy Policy | Terms & Condition | Sitemap grass seed approximately! Conditions and feels therefore even in the rough situations of the soil 's.... To learn are: for an ornamental lawn - Agrostis capillaris is only added to our Gardender grass! Designated by Philipson, J. Linn and inspiration on gardender.com, your garden will become a troublesome weed.! Want you to learn are: for an ornamental lawn Examples could include: Agrostis capillaris+ Festuca rubra subsp:! An important component of our Plantura shade turf mission to develop effectively well. Humid weather and can tolerate some shade least up to 65 centimeters appear like reddish. Regular basis Agrostis capillaris ) this is another species that spreads via rhizomes and outcompete bunch-type and... 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Of bents are commonly used for lawn seeds in dry conditions can collect dead fibre mh! Of our Plantura shade turf to coastal regions in northern California where it a. A common weed of pastures and roadsides ( Weiller et al 1995 ) or a stolonifera shade turf that... Intense green and fine leaves are an optical enrichment for many lawn seed mixtures, or bent... A tenuis, and in light oak and pine forests acid soils for estate lawns and golf courses sporting... Grass leaves tear easily and in dry conditions can collect dead fibre June... Courses, especially on putting greens a tufted variety ideal for luxury lawns will...